Vasculature and Lymphatics
Regions and Spaces of the Head
Nasal Cavity & Paranasal Air Sinuses
Pharynx and Esophagus
Layers, Regions and Triangles of the Neck
Larynx, Trachea, and Thyroid Gland
Debrecen University Study Guide
The following is offered as a suggestion; we are not affiliated, associated, authorized, approved, endorsed by or in any way officially connected to Debrecen University.
How to study?
During the semester
We highly recommend studying the lessons by the order they are taught in your class (or bulletin) or follow the presented default order on the sidebar.
Towards your exam(s)
Once you’ve covered the material at least once, you should start preparing for your exam according to the recommendations written below and make sure you know what’s covered in each topic and how to present it.
If you haven’t covered the material yet and you are studying for the exam, we highly recommend starting by following the default order on the sidebar, finishing it, and only then going through the topic list; although covering the material by topic-by-topic may seem like the way to go, it will just confuse you in the long-run.
The following is based on the official bulletin of the university according to the publication of September 2019.
These lists are only recommendations given by the department — thus, it doesn’t guarantee that all of them (if any) will be taught in that specific order.
Always ask your teachers and professors regarding the order and prepare accordingly, since they are the only ones who can tell you exactly what will be taught and when.
- Cutaneous branches of the trigeminal nerve
- Branches of the facial nerve on the face and neck
- Facial, superficial temporal and external carotid arteries
- Retromandibular vein and superficial veins (ext. jugular vein)
- Parotid gland and parotid duct
- Lymph nodes and lymphatic drainage of head and neck
- Cutaneous branches of the cervical plexus
- The position of the hyoid bone, thyroid cartilage
- Thyroid gland
- The carotid sheath (vagina vasorum) and its structures
- The site of cricothyrotomy
- Surface projection of the apex of the lungs
- Relations of the scalene muscles
- The topography of the parotid gland. Nerves and blood vessels related to the parotid gland
- Frontal and temporal regions
- Triangles of the neck
- Supraclavicular triangle
- Submandibular triangle
- Carotid triangle and the middle part of the neck
- Lateral lingual sulcus
- Muscles of the floor of the mouth
- The topography of the salivary glands
- The scalenotracheal fossa
- Branches of the subclavian artery
The exam is an oral exam during which you will pick a combination of topics from each block (head and neck, thorax, abdomen, and pelvis and perineum), and present it to the examiner.
The topics are divided according to the following scheme:
- Regional anatomy: For these topics, you are required to describe AND identify the borders, layers, and structures for the respective region
- Theoretical questions: These topics refer to materials which are difficult/impossible to show on gross anatomy specimens, e.g. autonomic innervation, lymphatic drainage, surface projections, or radiographic anatomy
- Viscera: For these topics, you will have to describe AND demonstrate the anatomy of internal organs
- Blood vessels, nerves, bones or muscles: For these topics, you will have to describe AND demonstrate the structures included in the topic
You will have a few minutes (or more, depending on the number of students) to prepare a short presentation.
Our lessons are written in the same way as you would present it during an oral, or an essay type of exam:
- Definition (“what?” — the subject/structure/organ/function you are being asked on)
- Description (“how?” — a short explanation describing the functions and main features)
- Specific features, if applicable:
- Clinical correlations
In an oral exam, during your presentation, mention the main points without going in-depth, to leave a place for questions.
Tips for an oral exam
Your examiner may ask you questions to which you already have prepared an answer. Take your time and don’t ping off an answer straight away. Prepare a complete sentence in your head, and then give your answer.
If you are not sure about your answer, it’s better to try (as long as you’re not completely wrong) than say “I don’t know”. Give an explanation to your reasoning; in many cases, the examiner will at least partially accept it.
|Regional anatomy||1||Frontal and temporal regions||Frontal and Temporal Regions|
|2||Buccal, infraorbital and nasal regions||Buccal, Infraorbital, and Nasal Region|
|3||Parotideomasseteric region. Borders of the parotid nest||Parotidomasseteric Region|
|4||Borders and structures of the scalenotracheal fossa. Cervical part of the sympathetic trunk||Scalenotracheal Fossa, Cervical Sympathetic Trunks|
|5||Muscles of the neck. Cervical triangles (without their structures)||Muscles of the Neck, Triangles of the Neck — Introduction|
|6||Borders and structures of the submandibular triangle. Submandibular gland||Anterior Triangle, Salivary Glands|
|7||Borders and structures of the lateral lingual groove||Muscles of the Tongue|
|8||Borders and structures of the carotid triangle||Anterior Triangle|
|9||Walls and connections of the oral cavity. Layers and connections of the floor of the mouth. Parts of the palate||Oral Cavity, Muscles of the Soft Palate|
|10||Borders and connections of the infratemporal and pterygopalatine fossae||Infratemporal Fossa, Pterygopalatine Fossa|
|11||Structures in the infratemporal fossa||Infratemporal Fossa|
|12||Walls and connections of the nasal cavity. Paranasal sinuses||Nasal Cavity, Paranasal Air Sinuses|
|13||Borders and connections of the para- and retropharyngeal spaces||Parapharyngeal Space, Retropharyngeal Space|
|14||Borders and structures of the supraclavicular triangle||Posterior Triangle (Lateral Cervical Region)|
|15||Borders and structures of the median cervical region. Thyroid gland||Anterior Triangle, Thyroid Gland|
|16||Nuchal region||Nuchal Region|
|17||The cervical part of the trachea and esophagus, and structures running around them||Trachea, Esophagus, Deep Fascia of the Neck|
|Theoretical questions||18||Structures in the pterygopalatine fossa||Pterygopalatine Fossa|
|19||Vasculature and innervation of the teeth, gingiva, and palate||Oral Cavity, Teeth|
|20||Lymphatic drainage of the head and neck region||Lymphatics|
|21||Autonomic innervation of the head and neck||Cervical Sympathetic Trunks, Parasympathetic Ganglia, CN X — Vagus Nerve|
|22||Radiographic anatomy of the nasal and oral cavities and the paranasal sinuses||Nasal Cavity, Paranasal Air Sinuses|
|23||Radiographic anatomy of the infratemporal fossa and the parapharyngeal space (suprahyoid neck)||Infratemporal Fossa, Parapharyngeal Space|
|24||Radiographic anatomy of the infrahyoid neck||Lessons discussing the neck (?)|
|Viscera||25||Common, external and internal (without the intracranial branches) carotid arteries||Blood Supply, External Carotid Artery, Internal Carotid Artery, Carotid Body and Sinus|
|26||Cervical plexus and its innervation area. Main branches of the brachial plexus (until the cords)||Cervical Plexus, Brachial Plexus|
|27||Divisions and branches of the subclavian artery||Blood Supply|
|28||The topography of the vessels for checking the pulse, compression points and sites of intravenous cannulation in the regions of the head and neck. Venous drainage of the head and neck region||Blood Supply, Venous Drainage|
|29||Demonstration of the branches and innervation area of the trigeminal nerve||CN V – Trigeminal Nerve|
|30||Demonstration of the branches and innervation area of the facial nerve||CN VII – Facial Nerve|
|31||Demonstration of the branches and innervation area of the glossopharyngeal and hypoglossal nerves||CN IX — Glossopharyngeal Nerve, CN XII — Hypoglossal Nerve|
|32||Muscles of facial expression and their innervation||Muscles of Facial Expression, CN VII — Facial Nerve|
|33||Structures in the para- and retropharyngeal spaces||Parapharyngeal Space, Retropharyngeal Space|
|34||Demonstration of the branches and innervation area of the vagus (in the head and neck region only) and accessory nerves||CN X — Vagus|
|35||Muscles acting on the temporomandibular joint and their innervation||Muscles of Mastication|
|Neurovasculature, bones, and muscles||36||Blood supply and innervation of the parotid gland. Structures passing through the parotid gland||Salivary Glands|
|37||Parts, blood supply and innervation of the tongue. Tonsillar fossa. Tonsils||Tongue, Muscles of the Tongue, Waldeyer’s Tonsillar Ring|
|38||Structure of the wall of the pharynx. Blood supply and innervation of the pharynx||Pharynx, Muscles of the Pharynx|
|39||Parts, cavities, and connections of the pharynx||Pharynx|
|40||Joints and cartilages of the larynx. Cavity of the larynx||Laryngeal Membranes, Ligaments, and Folds, Larynx — Introduction|
|41||Muscles, blood supply and innervation of the larynx. Function of the laryngeal muscles||Larynx — Neurovasculature, Muscles of the Larynx|